Democracy and rights
Seychelles politics has since been dominated
by a party that retained power in the country even after
a multi-party system was introduced in the early 1990s.
But the ruling party, which since 2018 is called the
United Seychelles, has in recent years faced increased
competition from opposition parties. Corruption is a
General elections with several parties have been held
regularly since 1993. Seychelles living abroad are not
entitled to vote. Both politics and the economy are
largely dominated by residents with roots in Europe or
Offers a comprehensive list of airports in Seychelles, including international airports with city located, size and abbreviation, as well as the biggest airlines.
In the 2016 parliamentary elections, for the first
time, an opposition alliance succeeded in winning a
political election in Seychelles. The election loss led
to the resignation of the then president (see Current
Policy). After the change of presidential post, it seems
easier for the government and the opposition to
cooperate. The most recent elections, 2015 and 2016, are
generally considered to have been carried out correctly,
but accusations of voting have been made. Ahead of the
2015 election, several opposition parties accused the
government of harassment. Some criticism has also been
directed at how the Election Commission works (see
Modern History). However, the election the following
year could be carried out without any major problems.
In 2019, a Truth, Reconciliation and National
Unity Commission was appointed to investigate
the abuses committed by the then regime between 1977 and
1993 for three years (see also Current Policy). Among
other things, the Commission should be able to decide
whether someone should be granted amnesty for these
crimes and whether the victims should be granted
damages. The aim is to create reconciliation in the
country and ensure that such abuses are not repeated.
The Commission shall consist of seven members, two of
whom shall be foreign nationals not resident in the
One of the most notable cases concerns the exile
politician Gérard Hoarau, who was murdered in his home
in London in 1985. However, it is not clear who was
behind the act, but the opposition directed the
suspicions against the then regime. The regime was also
accused of torture and other abuses against
oppositionists. Ex-president Albert René himself
admitted that the opposition was eavesdropping.
Freedom of assembly prevails, but with some
restrictions, even if the political scene has opened up
in recent years. This means that anyone who wants to
organize political meetings must request police
permission for them five days in advance. The police
also have the authority to stop meetings and influence
where and when they may be held.
There are a number of voluntary organizations that
can operate freely. Above all, it is a lack of money
that puts limits on their work.
Women have the same political, economic and social
rights as men. They are well represented in business,
but in politics the proportion of women has decreased
since the early 1990s when almost half of the members of
the National Assembly were women. The proportion has
fallen to just over 21 percent after the 2016 election.
In 2019, five of the twelve government members were
The politically active women are mainly found in the
United Seychelles Government Party.
In 2016, the country's first independent commission
was formed to combat corruption. At the same time, new
legislation was adopted for the same purpose. However,
this has not led to many legal trials on corruption
cases. Some people within the government are required to
declare the size of their assets, but the rules are not
always followed. Despite the shortcomings, the country
ranks fairly high on the organization Transparency
International's index of perceived corruption in the
countries of the world. In 2018, Seychelles ranked 28th
out of 180 countries.
Freedom of expression and media
Freedom of expression and expression is guaranteed in
the Seychelles Constitution. For a long time most media
were controlled by the government, but in recent years a
number of independent newspapers have been started.
There is only a single daily newspaper, and it is run by
the state which has largely retained its influence over
the etheric media. Many media find it difficult to get
the economy together.
In the past, power holders were able to restrict
media freedom through strict advocacy laws, but in
recent years no advocacy cases have been raised.
Journalists can now operate fairly freely. However, it
is sensitive to report on substances that could harm the
country's important tourism industry.
Most of the private newspapers are associated with a
political party, which affects their reporting.
In 2018, a new law was passed that would allow
citizens to access public documents, but in practice the
system does not work very well.
In 2019, Seychelles was ranked 69th out of 180
countries in Reporters Without Borders index of freedom
of the press in the world. The country had climbed 34
placements since 2014.
Private radio and TV stations are allowed, but the
high fees for broadcasting permits have hitherto
hindered private alternatives. However, there is at
least one private radio station. Political parties and
religious organizations are not allowed to operate their
own radio channels.
Judicial system and legal security
The legal system has been developed with examples
from France and the United Kingdom. The judiciary is
formally independent, but it appears that outsiders
interfere in legal cases, especially if they are
politically sensitive or can challenge commercial
interests. The government appoints judges and
prosecutors. Lack of educated manpower means that many
judges, especially in higher courts, are picked from
outside. Judges in the Supreme Court regularly stand for
threats and harassment.
There are no political prisoners in the country and
respect for human rights is generally considered good.
However, legal procedures are often slow and
ineffective. The measures that have been taken in recent
years to remedy this have not easily led to any major
There are reports of abuse and inhuman treatment of
interns in the overcrowded prisons. Criticism has also
been directed at long detention times. Another issue
that has been addressed concerns the conditions of
migrants working in the country's export zones.
Both the military and the police have been accused of
assaulting suspects of crime, and few perpetrators are
punished for these crimes. Bribery and other corruption
are common in the police force.
The death penalty was abolished in 1993.