Democracy and rights
Mauritius is a democratic state with a
multi-party system and organized the change of power.
The political scene is largely dominated by a few
Political elections are conducted according to
democratic rules of the game and citizens are free to
form political parties. About 40 parties took part in
the 2014 elections. In a referendum held in conjunction
with the 2014 parliamentary elections, a majority of
voters voted against changing the constitution to extend
the president's powers (see Calendar).
Since political parties in Mauritius rarely get their
own majority in the National Assembly, the government
usually switches between different coalitions that are
often difficult to hold together due to personal
contradictions between leading politicians. Government
periods are therefore often relatively short. Party
politics is dominated by three parties that have been
rotated in power (see Political system). The Hindu
Offers a comprehensive list of airports in Mauritius, including international airports with city located, size and abbreviation, as well as the biggest airlines.
Women are under-represented in politics. After the
2014 election, almost twelve percent of the members of
the National Assembly were women. In 2015, however,
Ameenah Gurib-Fakim became the first woman in the
presidential post (however, she was forced to resign in
March 2018, see Calendar).
Freedom of assembly is usually respected.
There are functioning organs to counteract organs. In
2107, however, the Minister of Justice was forced to
resign after being accused of money laundering.
According to the organization Transparency
International's index list of perceived corruption in
the countries of the world, Mauritius 2018 ranked 56 out
of 180 countries.
Freedom of expression and media
Mauritanian press has 200 years of history and is
considered to be both versatile and outspoken. Freedom
of the press and expression is guaranteed in the
Constitution. However, it has appeared that police
officers have threatened media workers and that
politicians and government officials have used laws of
defamation against journalists who have written
disgraceful things to them. Journalists also run the
risk of being sentenced to prison for "threatening the
A new law for online communications introduced in
2018, according to Reporters Without Borders, makes it
punishable to create "trouble, grief or worry", and can
be used to silence uncomfortable journalists. According
to the organization, it is extremely sensitive to report
corruption, tourism and religious radicalization. The
journalists who revealed the affair about the Minister
of Justice 2017 were arrested in connection with this,
but were released later the same day.
On Reporters Without Borders index of freedom of the
press in the world, Mauritius in 2019 ranked 58 out of
180 countries, which was 14 positions better than 2014.
There are about 10 newspapers in Mauritius and the
newspaper reading is relatively scattered. The state
television and radio company Mauritius Broadcasting
Corporation (MBC) is supposed to be independent of the
state powers but is sometimes accused by media experts
and oppositionists for being government friendly.
Domestic privately owned TVs do not exist, but foreign
channels can be viewed via cable. Since the state gave
up its radio monopoly in 2002, several privately owned
radio stations have been started.
Almost all residents have access to the internet,
most of them via their smart phones.
Information on the government's work is posted online
(including the state budget), but there are no laws that
give citizens access to such material.
Judicial system and legal security
The judiciary is independent and judged to function
relatively well. The system is based on French and
British models. The number of judges at the three courts
is determined by the National Assembly. There is an
opportunity to appeal judgments to the Privy Council in
There are no political prisoners in Mauritius. The
death penalty was abolished in 1995 and the last
execution took place in 1987.
The police can make "provisional arrests" and keep
suspects in custody for up to 21 days before a formal
prosecution is brought. Some may also be imprisoned for
several years while awaiting trial.
The police force has been charged with brutality
during arrests and for violence against people detained
and jailed. In an attempt to stop this, the government
has introduced human rights courses in police training.
The right to return is withdrawn
The upper house of the British Parliament, which at this time serves as the
UK's highest court, cancels the May 2007 Court of Appeals ruling that Chagos
residents have the right to return to their homes in the coral islands. Thus,
the drawn-out dispute is settled.
The President re-elected
Anerood Jugnauth from MSM is re-elected president.
China makes room for business
China is starting to build a so-called zone for trade and economic
cooperation in Mauritius. The zone will accommodate 40 Chinese companies.