Democracy and rights
Respect for human rights has been
strengthened since the end of the civil war in 2011. But
the government lacks partial control over the security
forces and the situation of women is a major problem.
The Ivory Coast Constitution provides for democracy
with universal suffrage and multi-party systems. There
are a variety of parties that represent different views.
According to international observers, the latest
elections are reported to have been conducted correctly,
although violence between supporters of different
parties occurred (see Current policy).
Offers a comprehensive list of airports in Ivory Coast, including international airports with city located, size and abbreviation, as well as the biggest airlines.
Few have been held accountable for the war crimes
committed in the country during the civil war are going
slow, which is criticized by human rights organizations
(see also below). High militias, many of whom are former
rebel leaders, still have a great political influence in
The constitution guarantees freedom of assembly and
association, but in practice the authorities sometimes
stop or dissolve peaceful demonstrations. Many
demonstrations still take place, but violence between
police and protesters can occur.
Local as well as international NGOs are free to
operate in the country.
Sexual violence is commonplace and the stigma that it
involves being abused prevents many women from reporting
the crime or seeking care. It is unusual for
perpetrators to be prosecuted for the crimes. Although
there is no law that prevents women from getting
involved politically, traditional values function as a
brake pad. Women held 11 percent of the seats in
Parliament in 2018 (see Social conditions).
LGBTQ people are widely discriminated against.
Violence against LGBTQ people is rarely investigated by
Freedom of religion prevails and is generally
respected (see Religion).
Corruption is widespread and especially evident in
the judiciary, the police and public procurement. In
2019, Transparency International places Ivory Coast at
106th in its ranking of perceived corruption in 180
countries. This is basically the same position as the
Freedom of expression and media
People can speak relatively openly about political
opinions without risking harassment.
Conditions for the press have improved in recent
years and it is unusual for journalists to be subjected
to serious violence, although some harassment still
exists. In 2017, a press law was passed that basically
prohibits imprisonment of journalists, although they can
be sentenced to fines.
Most of the media clearly take a stand for the
government or the opposition, few are politically
unfounded in their reporting.
Reporters Without Borders places Ivory Coast in place
71 on its list of press freedom in 180 countries in
2019, which corresponds to a push upwards of 30 places
There are no reports that the authorities have
restricted access to the Internet.
Judicial system and legal security
According to the constitution, the judiciary should
be independent, but according to reports from human
rights organizations, the government exerts pressure in
politically sensitive cases. The lack of progress in
processes surrounding the war crimes committed during
the war is also seen as proof of the independence of the
judiciary. There are reports of corruption and bribery
The country's prisons are overcrowded and conditions
are very poor. There is a problem with long detention
times (see Political system).
The death penalty was abolished in 2000.
Both government forces and militia groups and rebels
have committed serious abuses against the civilian
population. These include, among other things,
extrajudicial executions, torture, rape and the
recruitment of child soldiers. A Truth Commission was
appointed in 2011 to investigate the abuses committed
during the 2010 and 2011 riots.
In 2011, former President Laurent Gbagbo was
extradited to the ICC) in The Hague to face trial for
crimes against humanity. He was charged with being an
"indirect accomplice" in murders, rapes, persecution and
other inhumane acts. Gbagbo is the first former head of
state prosecuted by the ICC. One of the Young Patriots'
leaders, Charles Blé Goudé, who was also a youth
minister, was prosecuted by the ICC, alongside Gbagbo.
However, Laurent Gbagbo and Blé Goudé were acquitted by
the ICC in early 2019 (see also Calendar).
However, Gbagbo's wife Simone Gbagbo has been
prosecuted in his home country and sentenced in March
2015 to 20 years in prison for his role in the violence.
In August 2018, she was granted amnesty by President
The choice is postponed
The election is postponed again with reference to the fact that voting
lengths are not clear.
New arms purchases worry
According to a UN report, both sides are acquiring new weapons, despite the
arms embargo on the country. The northern part is said to lack a functioning
administration, natural resources exploited by rebel commanders and the money
used to buy weapons from Burkina Faso. In the south, the government side also
provides new weapons, according to the UN. The lack of border controls makes it
possible to smuggle uncut diamonds out of the country.
Civil government is introduced in the north
The former rebels hand over the rule of ten northern zones, including the
area around the city of Bouaké, to a civil administration appointed by President
New date for the election
Prime Minister Soro announces that elections will be held in November.
Protest against Gbagbo
Members of the New Forces urge their leader Soro to resign as prime minister
in protest of Gbagbo's party's FPI, which they believe puts obstacles in the way
of the election. According to a UN report, the situation in the country has
stabilized and close to 6 million people have registered to vote. But violence
and abuse occur, mainly in the west and in the north.